Monday, April 16, 2018

Helena: Sandusky County, Ohio

Helena, Sandusky County, Ohio
This albumen print of Helena in Sandusky County, Ohio, is believed to have been taken around 1890. According to information on the reverse of the photograph, it was taken from atop one of the oil derricks built on a vacant lot. 

Helena, lies partially in the townships of Jackson and Washington in Sandusky County, Ohio. The village was established in 1871 as a result of the construction of the Toledo branch of the Pittsburgh, Fort Wayne and Chicago Railroad. 

Courtesy of the Library of Congress

Surveying of the village was done by Joseph Garn. John Ickes, Isaac Garn, and Jonathan Wagner laid out lots.  

Thirteen oil derricks can be seen in the image. According to longtime area resident, Gene Long. who wrote Conquering the Black Swamp: A History of Jackson Township's First 170 Years, the first oil well was drilled in 1889 on the Joseph Garn farm . Shortly thereafter, wells sprang up throughout the area. However, most were close to Helena. The population increased as men came to work in the oil fields. According to Mr. Long, the "oil boom" did not last long. He writes that "by July of 1909 there were about 4200 wells operating in the county and the average production was less than one barrel per day. "

Joseph Garn Oil Well No. 9
The photographs are part of the Hayes Presidential Library and Museums Sandusky County Local History Photograph Collection.

Thursday, April 5, 2018

The Buzzards Return to Ohio

The image above was taken this week on the grounds of Spiegel Grove by Hayes Presidential Library and Museums Head of Photographic Resources Gilbert Gonzalez. Each spring and fall turkey vultures - often called buzzards, arrive from the south and gather in the huge trees on the grounds of Spiegel Grove. They roost quietly for several days before soaring off ever so gracefully on the thermals as they search for carrion across northwest Ohio. Their six-foot wingspan allows the buzzards to glide effortlessly for hours. They will lay their eggs on ledges, the ground and in hollow logs, crevices, and abandoned barns (mine included). 

Perhaps the most well-known Ohio location for the roosting of turkey vultures each spring is in  Hinckley Twp. in Medina County.  Like clockwork they arrive each year on March 15th.

According to  a Medina County history referenced by Mark Price in an Akron Beacon Journal article, the arrival of the buzzards is directly connected to the "Great Hinckley Hunt of 1818." Some 500 pioneers in the area gathered on December 24th to eliminate the wolves, bears, and other wildlife who were destroying their crops and livestock. The hunters encircled the area of Hinckley Twp., driving the creatures into a confined space where they were killed. One account states the 21 bears, 17 wolves, 300 deer, and other wildlife provided a Christmas Day feast for the hunters' families. In the spring, the carcasses attracted a gathering of  buzzards in Hinckley Twp. that has continued each spring for two centuries. 

1n 1957, Hinckley residents began celebrating Buzzard Day On the first Sunday after March 15th, more than 1,000 residents and visitors gather to enjoy Hinckley's hospitality with the day filled with good food and old fashioned fun and games.

Wednesday, April 4, 2018

Join Us For Retro Roundtable April 21st in the Hayes Presidential Library & Museum Auditorium!

Bring your favorite artifact, photograph, game, toy, document, or any treasure that is special to you. Share its story with us at Retro Roundtable in the Hayes Presidential Library & Museums auditorium on Saturday April 21st from 9:30 to 11:30. Admission is free.

We ask that those presenting an item preregister by contacting Julie Mayle, Associate Curator of Manuscripts, at 419-332-2081, ext 239 or by emailing All are invited. Attendees not presenting an item need not register.

The Hayes Presidential Library & Museums staff members will begin the event by presenting their favorite items from HPLM's collections. We ask that those presenting limit to a 10-minute time.

We thank Rebecca White for sponsoring Retro Roundtable!

Friday, March 23, 2018

Johnson's Island Civil War Confederate Officers Prison: Autograph Book ca. 1863


The following names of Confederate officers, their rank and date and  location of capture are recorded in an autograph book believed to have been inscribed during the year 1863. The Confederates were imprisoned in the officers prison located on Lake Erie's Johnson's Island. The names and data were digitized by Hayes Presidential Library & Museums volunteer Fran Fleet.

NAME              RANK              REG’T        DATE            LOCATION                                                                       

Adams, W.C.           Capt.                Co.G, 3rd MO     ----                         ----
Allison, W.H.          Capt.                1st MO PR           ----                         ----

Archer, John M.       Lt.                   Co.F, 15th TX      ----                         ----

Ball, R.C.                 Lt.                   Co. A, 1st KY       ----                         ----
Beall, W. N.R          Brig. Genl.                                July 9, 1863           Port Hudson, LA

Bedford, Frank        Capt.                 KY Cav.          Oct. 7, 1863           Shelbyville, TN

Bell, James [T]        1st Lt.                24th AL               ----                         ----
Bellingen, C.E.        Capt.                Co.I, 7th LA        Nov. 7, 1863        Rappahannock Sta.
Blackwelder, Moses  2nd Lt.             Co.D, 1st FL        ----                       ----

Bradley, Alfred        Capt.                9th LA Batt. Inf.   ----                       ----

Branch, P (T?) J.     2nd Lt.               Co.A., 13th TN   Nov. 2, 1863          ----

[Brantley, T.B]        Capt.                1st Batt Artillery May 17, 1863       Big Black Ridge, MS

Breitz, E.A.              Lt.                    Co.B, 26th NC    ----                         ----
Broughton, E.T.       Capt.                Co. C, 7th TX      ----                         ----
Brown, Lewis          2nd Lt.               9th MS Inf.         ----                          ----

Bryan, J.W.              Lt.                    Co.G, 43rd TN   Oct. 3, 1863           Jefferson Co., TN

Bryan, N.L.             2nd Lt.               Co.E, 1st FL Cav  ----                       ----
Buffington, W.H.    Capt.                 19th AR Inf.        May 17, 1863      Big Black Bridge, MS
Caldwell, John Y.   Capt.                 Co.B, 26th AL     July 1, 1863         Gettysburg, PA
Card, A. T.              Lt.                    Co.H, 1st AL        ----                       ----

Carter, Richard B.   Lt.                    Co.D 1st AL      July 9, 1863            Port Hudson, LA

Chappell, F.A.         1st Lt.               Co. K, 1st MO   March 29, 1863      ----                            

Clark, O                   Lt                     A.Adj Gen’l
                                                          Frazer’s Brigade Sept., 1863           Cumberland Gap
Clarkson, Wm. [N}  ----                    ----                   Oct. 1, 1863           At home 

Clements, Thomas     Lt.                  1st LA Cav.          ----                       ----
Clewell, Frank C.                            Adj. 1st MO Cav    ----                      ----

Coale, Stephen D.    Capt.               Co. G, 5th MO.  May, 1863              Port Gibson, MS

Coleman, H.W.         Lt.                  Co.H, Miles’s      ----                       Port Hudson, LA 
                                                          LA Legion

Collums, Henderson  2nd Lt.           1st MS PR          Apr. 18, 1863         Hernando, MS
                                                        AKA 7th Cav.

Crile, Wm.               Lt.                   Co. A 1st            
                                                        TN Cav.               ----                        ----
Crisp, A.J.                2nd Lt.              Co.C, 4th TN       ----                        ----

Cross, Wm.J             Lt.                   15th AR Inf.        ----                         ----

Cross, Wm.J             Lt.                    15th AR             ----                         ----  
Crow, G.                  ----                   ----                      ----                        ----

Daniel, J.Dupont                              Adj.                   July 2, 1863         Gettysburg, PA

Danner, W. C.          Lt.                   Kain’s Battery    ----                         ----

Davis, G.W.C.         Lt.                   Co. E 15th                 May 17, 1863       Big Black Ridge, MS
                                                         AR Infantry                          

Davis, J.T                Lt.                   Co.C, 7th KY         ----                     Tupelo, MS

Davis, R. [H]           Capt.               34th[or24th?] AR   ----                    Vicksburg, MS
Davis, Thos. A.        ----                  Telegraph Corps    ----                       ----

Dejean, W.               Capt.               Miles’s Legion   ----                        ----
Ditto, Wm. L.          Capt.                1st LA Cav.        ----                        ----

Dobson, J. B.           Capt.               23rd AR  Inf.      July 9, 1863          Port Hudson, LA 

Dudley, J.R              Lt.                    Maj.Gen’l         ----                        ---- 

Duncan, Jephthah    Capt.                Co. E, 6th MO    ----                         ----
Duncan, S.P.            Capt.               Co.E, 4th KY      Oct. 11, 1863         Reheatown, TN

Dyer, Wm. S.          Lt.                   Co.E, 25th VA     ----                           ----
Eddins, O. F.           1st Lt.               Co. H 1st MS       ----                        Port Hudson, LA

Edwards, Bolivar    1st Lt.               MilesLegion, LA  ----                       ----

Edwards, W.C.       Capt.                3rd GA Cav          ----                         ----

Eller, Wm.              Lt.                    1st MO Cav.        ----                        Big Black, MS

[Ellis, E. J/V]         Capt.                16th LA              Nov.25, 1863       Missionary Ridge

Ellis, W.T.              Lt.                    Co.D, 2nd GA      ----                        ----

Ervin, Wm. D         Capt.                18th VA Cav.       ----                         ----      

Erving, H. [F]          ----                    ----                    ----                          ----

Evans, H. M.           1st Lt.               Co.B, 22nd AL    ----                         ----
Farley, J. Brown      2nd Lt.              Co.I, 3rd TN        ----                         ----

Farr, Samuel           Lt.                    3rd MO Cav         ----                         ----

Farrenholt, B.L.      Capt.                33rd VA              July 3, 1863           Gettysburg, PA

Faulkner, J.W.       Capt.                 1st MS P.R.         May 3, 1863            ----    

Fellows, John A.   Capt.                   Staff of Gen.       July 9, 1863           Port Hudson, LA

Fincher, J.C.          Lt.                      Co.I, 43rd GA        ----                     ----
Flannigan, W.C.    Lt.                      19th AR                 ----                   Big Black Bridge, MS

Ford, G.W.            Lt.                      Co.B 1st FL Cav    ----                     ----
Foster, Frank,Jr.    Maj.                    4th AL Batt.Cav.   ----                     ----

Francis, T.H.          Capt.                   Co. A, 4th TN    July 2, 1863          Murfressboro, TN

Frazier, C.W.         Capt.                    ----                     ----                        ----    

Frazier, J.W           Brig.Genl             ----                     ----                         ----

Fry, B.D.                Col.                   13th AL              July 3, 1863          Gettysburg, PA

Fulkerson, W.B.     Lt.                    [Claiborne           July 9, 1863         Port Hudson, LA     
                                                         Light Inf.]

Furnish, Lewis       Capt.                 Co. D, 3rd MO    ----                        Big Black, MS 

Furhman, G.P.       Capt.                1st AL                   ----                       ----

Galloway, WM      Capt                 Brag’s Army        ----                       ----
Gardner, R.W        Capt.                Co. K, 5th FL        ----                       ----
Gatlin, John B.      Lt.                     39th MS                ----                       ----
Gee, J.J.                 Maj                   4th MS                  ----                      Big Black Bridge, MS

George, J.Z.           Col.                  George’s Cav, MS  ----                    Colliersville, TN

George, N. J           Lt. Col             1st TN                   ----                         ----

Gibson, T.F.           Lt.                    Co. B 15th            May 17, 1863       Port Gibson  
                                                        AR Inf.

Gilliam, George      Capt.               Co. C, 53th NC     ----                      Gettysburg, PA.

Givens, T.W.          Lt.                    Co. K, 8th FL     July 4, 1863           Gettysburg, PA

Glenn, W. H.          Capt.                3rd MO Cav.       May 17, 1863        Big Black Bridge, MS

Goldsborugh, R.H                          ADC Maj.Genl    ----                         ----
                                                       J.E.B. Stuart

Goodbread, J.[H].B   Lt.                Co.D, 4th FL         ----                         ----               

Googen, M.D.[L]     Lt.                 Co.D, 49th GA      ----                         ----
Gordon, R. H.          Lt.                 Wheeler’s Mounted  ----                     ----

Graham, W.L          Capt               Co.E, 43rd GA      May 16, 1863       Champion Hill, MS      

Gray, Augustus H.   Lt.                 Co.B, 57th NC       ----                       ----
Green, W.S.            Capt.              Co. D, 1st TN        ----                        ----

Greer, J.W.             Lt.                   19th AR                 May 17, 1863     Big Black Bridge, MS

Gregg, Nathan       Lt.Col.             60th TN                 May 17, 1863      Big Black Bridge, MS
Griffin, Thomas H. 1st Lt.              Co.C, 18th MS       ----                      Gettysburg, PA

Guyton, D. [L.]     Lt.                    40th MS Inf.          May 17, 1863      Big Black Ridge, MS
Haley, J. F.            Lt.                    Co.A, 34th GA      Nov. 23, 1863     Missionary Ridge, TN
Hall, C. W.            Lt.                    Co. C, 34th MS      ----                         ----   

Hall, Jas. C           2nd Lt.                Co.G, 61st TN    May 17, 1863           ----

Hall, W.C.             Major, Asst      Staff of Gen.      July 3, 1863           Gettysburg, PA
                              Adj. Genl.        Trimble

Hanford, A. W        Lt.                     ----                      ----                          ----

Hare, F. M.            Capt.                 5th AR               July 19, 1863          Ohio

Harman, A.W.       Col.                   12th VA Cav.     ----                           ----

Harriet, Lewis E.   2nd Lt.               Brig.Gen’l          July 4, 1863           Gettysburg, PA

Harris, A.A.           Lt.                      2nd KY Cav.        ----                           ----
Harris, G.L.            Lt.                      Co.B, 56th GA    ----                           ----

[Harrison, Ch. T.]  ----                     62nd VA Unf.      ----                           ----

Harrison, R. H.      Capt.                 Co. E, 9th TN     June 8, 1863            near Fort Pillow

Harrison, Thom.R.                          ADC Garnett’s      -----                       ---- 

Hart, G. W.              Lt.                   Co. B, 46th TN       ----                         ----

Hartsfield, A.M.      Lt.                   Co.C, 4th GA        Nov. 25, 1863       Missionary Ridge, TN
                                                         Sharp Shooters
Harwood, Jmes A.   Lt.                   Co.K, 53rd VA      ----                           ----

Haven, Wm. S.         Maj.                20th AR                ----                          ----

Hawkins, H.J.          Capt.               Co.I, 1st TN           ----                           ----
Haywood, F.J.         Adj.                 5th NC                  July, 1863              Gettysburg, PA

Heampstead, Beall  Capt. AAG      Staff of Brig        Jul 9, 1863             Port Hudson, LA
                                                        Genl Beall

Hearnsberger, S.Z.      Lt. Col          15th Ga.              July 3, 1863           Gettysburg, PA
Henwood, Berryman  2nd Lt.            9th AR                 ----                          ----       

Herbert, James R.      Lt. Col.           1st MD.Inf.          ----                          ---- 

Hickman, Augustus   ----                 Co. [B], 3rd           ----                          ----
               Hamilton                             Cav.  
Hickman, John A.      Lt.                 Co. B 1st                May 17, 1863      Big Black Ridge, MS
                                                         AR Cav.     

Higgason, J.W.          Capt./QM      42nd AL               May 17, 1863      Vicksburg, MS

Hill, James                 Lt.                 20th AR Inf            ----                      Big Black Ridge, MS

Holcomb, Wm. H.     Capt.             15th AR  Inf.       May 17, 1863       Big Black Ridge, MS
Holiday, J.M.            Lt.                  Co. [G], 18th MS   ----                     ----

Hollingsworth, T   Adj.                  Cavalry Corps       ----                       ----

Horn, S.Lt.                                     28th TN                ----                         ----

Horner, J.H.            Lt.                    Co. F, 8th TN      ----                        Florence, AL
House, John M.       Lt.                   Staff of                ----                        ---- 
                                                        Major Gen’l
                                                         A.P. Stewart    

Houston, R. F. M    Lt.                   Co. H, 22nd MO   May 3, 1864         Vicksburg, MS

Houston, Thos. D.   1st Lt.              Co. K, 11th VA      ----                       ----
Howard, C.A.         Capt.               14th TN Cav.

Howard, R.J.          Lt.                   Co. A, 1st MS,      July 9, 1863          Port Hudson, LA      

Howell, W.G.         Lt.                    Co. H, 6th MS      ----                          ----

Hudgins, Lewis M.                         Sgt. C.S.N.           ----                         ----

Hughes, John T.      2nd Lt.              Co.F, 26th GA      July 5, 1863        Gettysburg, PA

Hughes, John t.        Lt.                   Co.A, 49th GA      ----                      Gettysburg, PA

Hunter, P.D.            1st Lt.               Artillery                ----                        ----

Hurt, B.H.N.            Lt.                   Co. K, 5th TX       ----                         ----

Ingram, Jas.             Capt.                  ----                     ----                         ----
Jarrard, C. L.           Lt.                   52nd GA                ----                       Champion Hill   

Jenkins, T.M.          Lt.                    Co.I, 6th NC         ----                        ----

Jett, E.D.                 Capt.                17th AR Inf.          ----                       Port Hudson, LA

[Johnson, Ben.        Col.                  15th AR                ----                       Port Hudson, LA

Johnson, J.W.          2nd Lt.             1st MS  Co D       July 9, 1863          Port Hudson, LA

Johnson, R. G          Capt.               Co. K, 8th            July 4, 1863           Helena, Ark
                                                         MO Infantry
Johnson, W.J.          Capt.                Co.C, 61st TN      ----                          ----

Johnston, Thos. H   Maj.                 1st MS                 July 9, 1863           Port Hudson,LA
Jones, Batt.              Lt. Col             1st AR                ----                         ----

Jones, C.H.              Capt.               [12th AR],          July 8, 1863        Port Hudson, LA

Jones, E.P                Col.                 ----                      ----                         ----

Jones Frank M.        Lt.                    Co.E, 23rd [AL]  May 17, 1863       Champions Hill

Jones, J.R                Brg. Genl        Jackson’s Div.     ----                         ----     

Jonson, Jep. C.        Lt. Col             Bell’s Rgt., AR  ----                          ----

Jordan, W.C. S.       Lt.                   18th VA Cav        ----                          ----

Joyner, W.F.           1st Lt.               Co.D, 20th AR     ----                         ----
Kay, R.                    Capt.              AAG Staff            ----                         ----        

Kelly J. G.               Lt.                  1st MO Cav        May 17, 1863        Big Black Ridge, MS

Kent, J. F.               2nd Lt.             Co.F, 16th LA      ----                         ----

Kent, W.C.              2nd Lt.             Co.A, 16th LA     ----                          ----
Kiroff, S.E.             Capt.               27th TN                ----                          ----

Kitzmiller, M.         Lt.                   60th TN Vol         ----                          ----      

Lahey, J                   1st Lt               1st Batt.Art, TN   July 9, 1863          Port Hudson, LA

Laird, John S.          Capt.               Co. E, 1st             ----                          ----
                                                         Reg’t, MS

Lamar, E.F.        Capt.                    ADC Gen.             ----                         ----          

Lamkin, E. O.     2nd Lt.                 Co. G, George’s      Nov. 3, 1863      Collierville, TN
                                                       Rgt., Partisan

Lane, John A.         2nd Lt.               Co.G, 15th GA       ----                        ----

Langley, S.S.          2nd Lt.              Bell’s Regt AR     July 4, 1863         Helena, AK

Laswell, R.M.         Capt.                2nd MS                 July 1, 1863         Gettysburg, PA
Latimer, M.S.          Capt.               40th MS               May 17, 1863        Big Black Bridge, MS
Laurence, R.S.         1st Lt.              24th MS               Nov.24, 1863         Lookout Mt.

Leascher, George    Capt.               Co.E, 1st TN            ----                       ----

Ledgerwood, Wm.  Lt.                   1st MO Cav.         May 17, 1863       Big Black Bridge, MS
Lee, James C.          Lt.                   Co. F 15th               May 17, 1863       Big Black Ridge, MS
                                                         AR Inf. 

Lemon, George       1st Lt.               Ord. Officer          ----                         ----  
                                                        Gen. Archer’s

Lentz, J.C.               Lt.                   Co.K, 57th NC      Nov. 7, 1863       Raphhahannock Sta.

Lewis, L.M.            Col.                 7th MO Inf.           July 4, 1863         Helena, AK

Lister, J.G.             Capt.                 Co.D, 55th GA       ----                        ----

Long, B.A.             Lt.                     Co.C, 37th TN      July 1, 1863         Tullahoma, TN
Lovell, Harry P.     Lt.                     Co.A, 54th NC      Nov. 7, 1863       Rappahannock Sta.,

Lusk, Virgil S.       Capt.                 Co.A, 5th NC Cav   ----                      ----
Lyles, O.P.            Col                     23rd AR                 July 8, 1863        Port Hudson, LA
Malone, J. W.        Lt.                     Co.I, 8th FL             ----                      ----

Marlen, Wm. A.    Lt.                     Co.F, 28th NC       July 3, 1863        Gettysburg, PA
Mason, W.             Capt.                 Co.B, 3rd TN        Oct. 27, 1863       Knox County, TN

Mathis, E.W.          Lt.                    19th AK                 ----                      ----
Matlock, Charles H.  Col.               4th TransMS/        ----                      ----    
                                                        [32nd AK]

Matthews, W. E.     Lt.                   38th GA Inf.           ----                      ----
McAllister, W. [M] Adj.                 39th GA                May 16, 1863     Champion Hill, MS

McClure, H.            Lt.                   1st MO Cav            ----                     Big Black Ridge, MS

McCrary, M.[T]      2nd Lt.              Co.E, 9th GA        ----                       ----

McCreary, A.J.        ----                  ----                        July 19, 1863      Marion, AK
McCulloch, R.        Capt.                Co.B, 18th VA      July 3, 1863        Gettsburg, PA
                                                        Garnett’s Brigade

McDonald, D.M.    Lt.                    Co.B, 56th NC      May 22, 1863      Kinston, NC

McDonald, John C.  Capt               1st MO Cav           Sept. 10, 1863      Little Rock, AK

McDowell, Ele       Lt.                    1st TN Artillery        ----                        ----

McEntire, W.R.     Lt.                     Atlanta Leyden Art.  ----                       ----

[McGimsey], James  Capt.             Co.H, 1st LA Cav    Aug. 1, 1863     Stanford, KY

[McGimsey, Wm C] 1st Lt.             Co.A, 8th LA             ----                      ----

McKnight, Geo.     Maj.                  AAdj.Gen’l               ----                      ----  
                                                         MajGen. [Loring]

McLean, Wm. L.   Lt.                      12th Battalion AK  May 17, 1863    Big Black Bridge, MS
McLester, J.D.       Lt.                     Co.H, 14th NC       ----                      ----
McNamara, M.      Lt.                     Co. F, 7th LA          ----                      ----
Methrow, W.R.      Lt.                    Co. D, 57th GA       ----                      ----   

Miller, J.W.            Capt.                Co.E, 57th NC      ----                       ----

Mitchell, Alfred     Lt.                    15th AR Inf.          ----                        ----

Monroe, J. A.         Capt.                Co. K, 9th                    ----                                      -----    

Moody, B. D          Lt.                     Co. B, 15th           May 17, 1863       Big Black Ridge, MS
                                                         AR Inf.

Moody, W. Cole     Lt.                    Co.Bm 2nd MS    ----                          ----    

Moore, H.              Maj                   21st AR                 ----                          ----

Moore, J.L.             Lt.                    13th AL               July 1, 1863           Gettysburg, PA

Moore, Robt. L.      Lt.                    LA Guard Art.     Nov. 7, 1863        Rappahanock Sta.   
                                                          Ewell’s Corps                      
Moore, W.F.                                    QM Dept              ----                        ----              
                                                         Prices Div.

Morgan, J.H.           Capt.                12th Battalion,AR  ----                      ----
Mullins, H.H.          Lt.                    King’s Regt., AR  ----                      ----

[Murphree], Ed. D  Lt                     37th AL                 May 21, 1863     Vicksburg, MS

Murphy, James B.  1st Lt.                3rd (Middle) TN    ----                      [Raymond, MS]

Murray, F.M.          Capt.                16th TN Cav.         ----                       ----
Myers, P. S.            Lt.                    30th MS Inf.        Nov. 24, 1863       Lookout Mt.,

Neal, W.B.              Lt.                    Bragg’s Scouts     ----                        ----

Nelson, [G.W.]       Capt.                A.A.G. Brig           ----                       ---- 
                                                        Gen’l Pendleton’s

Newman, James W. 2nd Lt.             Kains Light Art.  Sept. 9, 1862        Cumberland Gap

Norman, M.H.        Lt.                    Co.A, 28th NC      ----                          ----
Norvell, Charles     Lt.                    14th VA Cav.      June 12, 1863        Winchester

Nuckols, Wm. L.    Lt.                    1st MO Cav.

O’Conner, Thos.     Lt.                    Kains’s Artillery   ----                       ----

O’Keife, L.E.          ----                   ----                      ----                          Columbus Gap

Owen, W.               Capt.                Co.D, 2nd TN Cav  ----                       ----

Owens, John J.       Lt.                    1st AL                  ----                          ----
Parker, D.W.          Lt.                    Co.C, 52nd NC     ----                          ----
Parker, John           Capt.               Co.C, 20th AK Inf  May 17, 1863     Big Black River , MS

Patton, John            Capt.               Co.H., 1st MO      ----                         ----

Paxton, Thomas J.  Capt.                Co.G, 8th GA       ----                         ----
Payne, Wm.H         Lt. Col.            4th VA Cav.         ----                          ----

Pearson, Jas. M.      Lt.                    Co.E, 30th AL    May 22, 1863         Vicksburg
Peeler, A.J.             Lt.                     5th FL                 ----                         Gettysburg (?)

Petty, Joseph          Lt.                     Co.A, 1st             May 17, 1863        Big Black Ridge, MS
                                                         AR Cav.

Pintrup, David S.   Maj                    55th GA                 ----                      Cumberland Gap     

Plumber, A.C.       Capt. (formerly) Co.E 2nd TN Cav  ----                         ----

Prater, John H.       Lt.                     Co.E, 16th LA       ----                          ----

Price, F. L.             Capt.                 Ass’t Adj            July 3, 1863           Gettysburg, PA
                                                         Texas Brigade             

Price, S. R              Lt.                     1st MO Cav.         ----                            ----
Pruett, R.B.            Lt.                     Co.C, 31st AL     ----                          Champion Hill, MS
Purcell, W.N.         Lt.                     Co.D, 56th GA   May 16, 1863          Champion Hill, MS

Purvis, Jos. A.        Lt.                     Co. B, 1st MS     ----                          Port Hudson, LA
                                                         Light Artillery

Raisler, Charles W.  Capt.               Co.B, 54th AL    May 17, 1863        Champion Hill

Ramson, A.J.          Capt.                Co. I, 15th            May 1, 1863          Port Gibson
                                                         AR Inf.      

Reed, Isaac A.        Capt.                A.Q.M. 6th LA      July 4, 1863         Gettysburg, PA

Reed, Wm. J           ----                   Enrolling officer   ----                          ----

Reese, J.W.            1st Lt.                3rd TN                   ----                          ----          

Richards, D.W.       Capt.                25th AL               ----                         ----

Richardson, Henry B Capt              Engineers PACS     ----                    ----
                                                        Staff Lt.Gen’l Ewell

Richardson, J.J.      1st Lt.                25th AL               ----                         ----

Richardson, M.C.   Lt.                     41st VA Cav       ----                          ----

Richardson, T.E.     Lt.                    47th TN               ----                          ----   

Riddle, A.N.           Lt.                    LA Guard Art.     ----                          ---- 
                                                        Ewells Corps

Riley, E.H.              3rd Lt                Bell’s Inf. AK     ----                          ----

Ritch, J. E.              Capt.                Cobbs Legion GA June 9, 1863       Beverly Ford, VA

Rose, C.A               Lt.                    154th Vol.            ----                          ----
Ross, J. A.             Capt, Ord          Staff of Gen.     July 9, 1863            Port Hudson, LA 
                              Officer               Beall 

Rowe, E. D.           Lt.                      -----                    ----                         Port Hudson, LA

Russell, W.R.C.     Lt.                      Co.I, 55th Ga      ----                          ----

Rutledge, W.W.     Lt.                       3rd TN               ----                          ----
Samford, W.J.        Lt.                      46th AL              ----                           ----   

Sanders, R. H         Capt.                    -----                  ----                           ----  

Scales, J. Irving      Capt.                 30th MS             Sept. 20, 1863       Chickamauga

Sechler, G.A.J.       Capt.                 Co.K, 57th NC   ----                            ----

Selicman, S. R.      Lt.                     Co. D, 3rd MO   May 17, 1863        Big Black Ridge, MS

Shelby, W.B.         Col                    39th MS Vol      July 9, 1863            Port Hudson, LA

Sellers, C.C.           Lt.                     Co.A, 13th AL   July 1, 1863           Gettysburg, PA

Shaw, Henry B.      Capt.                 PACSA              ----                        ----

Sherwin, C             Capt.                 Co. A
                                                         Harmon’s Batt.   ----                        ----
Shorter, John U.     Adj.                  31st AL                May 16, 1863      Champion Hill, MS
Smith, G. G.           Capt.                 Co.A, 54th NC    ----                         ----
Snowden, W.P.      Lt.                      11th MS                ----                     Gettysburg, PA

Spalding, R. S.       Capt.                   ----                    June 27, 1863      Manchester, TN

Spence, Wm.          Lt.                     Co.G, 41st GA    May 16, 1863       Champion Hill, MS

Spencer, Wm. E.    Lt.                     2nd P.T Cav.        ----                        ----
Steele, J.R.             1st Lt.                23rd MS                 ----                       ----
Stephens, Thomas  2nd Lt.               Co. B, 3rd TX Cav  July 12, 1863   Jackson, MS

Stitt, John N.          1st Lt.                Co.B, 34th MS     ----                       ----

Stout, J. W.             Lt.                    Co. G, 1st             ----                       In rear of Vicksburg, MS
                                                         AR Cav.

Stout, James F.       Capt.                 Co. G, 1st           May 17, 1863        Big Black Bridge, MS
                                                          AR Cav.       

Stuart, D. A.           Major               15th AR             May 17, 1863         Big Black Bridge, MS

Tatum, P.A.            Capt.                 Co.F, 2nd NC       ----                          ----

Talor, E. Sumter     Capt.                 Co.F, 8th LA        ----                         ----

Taylor, J.L.             Lt.                     1st MS P.R.       May 3, 1863           Holly Springs, MS
Taylor, John           2nd Lt.               60th TN              May 17, 1863         Big Black R. Bridge

Taylor, S.H.           Capt.                  Genl Gholson’s  May 5, 1863          Tupelo, MS

Tilghman, Oswald  Lt.                     “RockCity Art.  July 9, 1863           Port Hudson, LA
Toby, S. H.            Lt.                     Co. F, 1st             May 16, 1863         Champion Hill, MS  
                                                         AR Cav.

Todd, M.L.            Lt.                     1st MO Cav.         ----                           ----
[Toledano, E.A]    Lt.                      Watson’s Batt.   July 9, 1863          Port Hudson, LA
Trimble, J. R.        Major Genl.      P.A.C.S             July 3, 1863            Gettysburg, PA

Triplett, Wm. B      Lt., Co.D          18th VA Cav.      ----                           ----

Tucker, M. P.          Capt.                Co. K 55th GA    ----                          ----

Turnbull,  B.M        Lt.                     PACS                ----                          ----
VanBenthuysen, [J]  1st Lt.               Co.[L], 6th LA   ----                          ----

Verble, H.D.           Lt.                      Co L,  NC          ----                          ----
Waller, William S.  Capt.                 Morgan’s Cav.

Walsh(e), Ed.          Lt.                     Co. I, 6th LA Inf.  ----                        ----

Wash, W.A.            Capt.                 60th TN             May 17, 1863         Big Black Ridge

Washington, N.      Capt. Ord          P.A.C.S              ----                           ----
Custis                     Officer

Watkins, Walter     Capt.                Co.D,                     ----                        ----
                                                        Hawthorne’s, AR

Watson, G.B.          Lt.                    2nd NC               ----                             ----

Waynor, John D.*  1st Lt.               2nd TN Cav.        ----                             ----
Weatherly, Wm       Capt.               Clo.H, Dobbins   ----                           ----
                                                           AR Cav

Wentworth, James H.  1st Lt.          Co.D, 5th FL      ----                             ----

Wheeler, C.N.        Capt.                Co. H, 1st
                                                        MS, Partisan     Apr 18, 1863            Hernando, MS   
                                                        Rangers, AKA
                                                       7th Cav.

White, Absalom    Capt.                 Co. D, 1st MS
                                                         Partisan Rangers     ----                       Hernando, MS

White, J.J.              Lt.                    39th MS                    ----                        ----
White, R. J.            Lt.                    Co.L, 60th TN         ----                         ----

Whiteman, D.C.     Capt.                Co.E, 9th TX Cav.  ----                         ----

Whittey, R.            2nd Lt.               Co.E, 2nd MS         ----                          ----
Williams, J.E         2nd Lt.               Co.A, 2nd NC Cav. ----                         ----

Willis, L.B.           Capt.                 19th AK                  ----                          ----

Willis, R.M.          Capt.                 3rd LA Cav            ----                          ----

Wilson, Jas           Maj                     AAdj Gen’l           ----                          ----
Wilson, M.[M/R]  Maj.                   1st AK Battalion    July 9, 1863          Port Hudson, LA
Wilson, T.B.         Capt.                  2nd MO. Inf.           May 17, 1863       Big Black Bridge, MS

Withers, J.B.         Capt.                 Partisan Rangers      ----                         ----

Wood, C.W.         Lt.Col.               4th NC                      ----                         ----

Yates, John T.      Capt.                  A.Q.M.                    ----                          ----